Eat,Drink and Gain Sawaab


Cii Radio| Ayesha Ismail| 06 July 2017| 11 Shawaal 1438

Eating, like any other act of a Muslim, is a matter of worship when performed according to the Islamic guidelines.

Islam teaches us many etiquettes of eating and drinking and these in turn can be a means of countless rewards.

The Prophet (PBUH) made a point of developing remarkably clean and healthy eating habits among his followers.

We eat and drink several times a day so by implementing the sunnah of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wasallam) we can gain maximum reward for these mundane activities. Below are a few sunnats that we can inculcate on a daily basis

Sunnats of Eating

1. To wash both the hands before and after meals. (Sunan Abu Dawud, Hadith: 3755)

2. To sit on the floor (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 5386)

3. To sit in one of the following three postures;

  •  In the Tashahud position (like in Salah) (Fathul Bari, Hadith: 5399).
  •  Same as above with the right knee raised, (Ibid; Takhrijul Ihyaa, Hadith: 1304) and
  • In the squatting posture (Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 5299).

4. To eat with the fingers (thumb, index and middle fingers). (Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 5265 and Majma’uz Zawaid)

5. To take the name of Allah before eating. (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 5376)

6. To eat with the right hand. (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 5376)

7. To eat from the closest part of the plate and not from the middle. (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 5376)

8. As far as possible, to eat collectively from one plate. (Ibn Kathir Surah 24, Ayah 61; Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadith: 3287)

9. To clean every bit of food left on the plate and to lick the fingers before washing them. (Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 5268)

10. To recite the various Masnun du’as after meals. One of them is, ‘Alhamdulillahil ladhiy at’amana wa saqana wa ja’alana muslimin’. (Sunan Abi Dawud)

Sunnats of Drinking

1. To sit and drink. (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 6452 and Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 5242, 5247). Zamzam water and left over water in the utensil used for wudu are excluded from this.

2. To drink with the right hand. (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 5380; Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 5233)

3. To take 3 sips (or more in odd numbers). (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 5631; Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 5255)

4. To say Bismillah before drinking. (Sahih Bukhari and Al Adhkar; Fathul Bari vol.10 pg.117)

5. To say Alhamdulillah after drinking. (Ibnus Sunni, Hadith: 472; Majma’uz Zawaid vol.5 pg.81; Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith: 1885; Fathul Bari vol.10 pg.117 Hadith: 5631)

6. If there are several people who are going to share the drink, it should be given to the one on the right. (Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 5612; Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 5257)

7. The one who is distributing the water (or food) should himself drink after everyone. (Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith: 1894)

8. To recite the following Du’a after drinking, ‘Alhamdulillahil ladhiy at’ama wa saqa, wa sawwaghahu wa ja’ala lahu makhraja.’ (Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith: 3847). This du’a could also be recited after eating. (Ibid)

9. One may also recite: Alhamdulillahil ladhy saqani ‘adhban furatan bi rahmatihi walam yaj’alhu milhan ujajan bi dhunubi. (Ibnus Sunni and Tabarani)

10. After drinking milk to recite ‘Allahumma barik lana fihi wa zidna minhu’. (Sunan Abi Dawud, Hadith: 3723; Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith: 3455; Ibnus Sunni,Hadith 474).

The Prophet’s guidance regarding diet:
The Prophet (PBUH) used to know what he was eating. He used to eat what was good for him.

He used to eat enough to keep him going, but no so much as to make him fat. Ibn ‘Umar narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said: “The believer eats in one stomach whilst the kaafir eats in seven.” Narrated by Bukhaari (5081) and Muslim (2060).

He taught his ummah something to protect them from diseases caused by eating and drinking. He said: “The son of Adam does not fill any vessel worse than his stomach. It is sufficient for the son of Adam to eat a few mouthfuls, to keep him going. If he must do that (fill his stomach), then let him fill one third with food, one third with drink and one third with air.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi (1381), Ibn Maajah (3349); classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Silsilah al-Saheehah (2265).

Food and drink are a blessing from Allah. By implementing the Sunnah and avoiding wastage, we would be physically expressing Shukr (gratitude) to Allah. And Allah knows best.

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