Frequently asked questions – Zakaah #SANZAF

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Cii Radio| Ayesha Ismail| 08 June 2017| 13 Ramadaan 1438

Below are a few frequently asked questions regarding zakaah. Visit www.sanzaf.org.za for more info on zakaah or to read through the fantastic work the team at SANZAF embarks on.

What is the basic definition of Zakaah? Literally, Zakáh means purification, growth, righteousness and blessing. Technically it means to purify one’s possession of wealth by distributing a specific amount to the deserving in terms of Surah 9 Verse 60 in the holy Qurán.

Can zakaah be given to a deserving relative? Zakátul-Fitr (Fitrah) must be given to the destitute and needy in terms of Surah 9 Verse 60. It may not be given to one’s mother, father, paternal and maternal grandparents, great-great grandparents, etc. Similarly it may not be given to one’s offspring such as sons, daughters, grandchildren, great-grandchildren, etc.

Who must pay zakaah? Zakátul-Fitr (Fitrah) is compulsory on every Muslim who has sufficient for himself and his family or dependents for the day of Eid. He should discharge his Fitrah in respect of himself and all those who are dependent upon him such as his wife, his children and Muslim helpers.

What is meant by the rate of Zakaah? Zakáh is payable and calculated at a fixed rate of one fortieth or 2.5 % on the possession of wealth in the form of gold, silver, merchandise and cash by a person who possesses the Nisáb (the minimum amount of wealth which makes one liable to pay Zakáh). Household effects such as furniture, crockery, personal clothing etc. are generally exempted from the application of Zakáh.

How much zakaah should we give? One is required to discharge 2.5 percent-on annual savings that are Zakatable. If you are confused as to how to calculate your zakaah click here to be directed to SANZAF’s online zakaah calculator.

What is the meaning of Nisab? Nisáb is a minimum amount of wealth which makes one liable to pay Zakáh. The person who possesses an amount equal to or greater than this specified minimum wealth, which remains in his or her possession for a period of one year, is considered wealthy enough to pay the Zakáh.

What is Fidyah? Fidyah – a compensation to be paid by a person who, for a good reason e.g. serious illness or permanent disability, is unable to fast during the month of Ramadhán

What is Zakatul Fitrah? An amount of food based on the equivalent money value of food for one person to be distributed to the destitute and needy after the successful completion of one’s fast during the month of Ramadhán. Visit www.sanzaf.org.za to view this year’s minimum fitrah contribution amounts.

Who must pay Zakatul Fitr? Zakátul-Fitr (Fitrah) is compulsory on every Muslim who has sufficient for himself and his family or dependents for the day of Eid. He should discharge his Fitrah in respect of himself and all those who are dependent upon him such as his wife, his children and Muslim helpers.

Submit Your Zakah Question to thirdpillar@sanzaf.org.za

The South African National Zakáh Fund (SANZAF) is a faith-based, socio-welfare and educational organisation that strives to facilitate the empowerment of needy families through the efficient collection and effective distribution of Zakáh and other Sadaqát in a proactive and cost effective way through projects – with dignity, sincerity and a shared responsibility. All in the service of the community and for the pleasure of Allah (SWT). Visit www.sanzaf.org.za for more information.