Sayyidah A’ishah – The Mother of the believers
Cii Radio| Ayesha Ismail| 12 June 2017| 17 Ramadaan 1438
Sayyidah A’ishah’s love and devotion to Rasulullah (saw) and his cause made her excel over his other wives in many ways. Sayyiduna Abu Musa reported that Rasulullah(saw)said, “The superiority of A’ishah over the other women is like the superiority of Tharid (a delicacy) over other foods. [Bukhari]
Sayyidah A’ishah (ra) passed away in 58AH at the age of 67 on 17 Ramadhan. Her scholarly contributions to Islam, as well as her pious example, have earned her special status among the “Mothers of the Believers,” a term of honour given to all the wives of Rasulullah(saw).
Sayyidah A’ishah (ra) was reported to have been very beautiful, but it is her piety, intelligence and remarkable memory that make her a notable figure in Islamic history. She absorbed vast religious knowledge from Rasulullah(saw) including memorizing the entire Qur’aan and was witness to much of the early history of Islam. She helped preserve the details of those events, as well as the details of the private and public life of Rasulullah (saw) by narrating more than two thousand ahadith, 174 of these are transmitted by Bukhari and Muslim.
Sayyidah A’ishah Siddiqah said (to me), “You have been shown to me twice in (my) dreams. It is reported that Rasulullah (saw) a man, and he was carrying you in a silken cloth and said to me, ‘This is your wife’. I uncovered it; and behold, it was you. I said to myself, ‘If this dream is from Allah, He will cause it to come true.’ “(Bukhari)
Every member of her family had the honour to be a Sahabi or Sahabiyyah i.e. companion of Rasulullah(saw). To be a Sahabi or a Sahabiyyah is the greatest honour and opportunity to the human beings.
The grandfather of Sayyidah A’ishah (ra) was Abu Quhafa. Her father, Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra) was the best friend and companion of Rasulullah(saw) and later became the first Caliph. Her mother, Umm Rumman was a Sahabiyyah and when she was laid down in the grave, Rasulullah(saw)said “Anyone who likes to see a damsel of Paradise should see Umm Rumaan.
Abdur Rahman(ra),her brother was also a Sahabi. Asma bint Abu Bakr, her sister was also a great Sahabiyyah, Asma made great sacrifices for Rasulullah(saw) and her father at the time of the migration to Madinah Munawwarah. The first child to be born among the emigrants to Madinah Munawwarah was her son, Abdullah ibn Zubayr.
Sayyidah A’ishah’s marriage was very simple, it is said that her mahr was 500 Dirhams. Her marriage was consummated after the migration to Madinah Munawwarah when she was at 9 years. She remained with Rasulullah(saw) for 9 years.
Rasulullah(saw) doted on Sayyidah A’ishah (ra)and sometimes called her names such as “Uwaysh” or “Aish”. She was also named as “Humayra” because of her white skin, and from time to time Rasulullah(saw)called her The Mother of the Believers.
Sayyidah A’ishah (ra) narrates that people would wait for her turn to present their gifts (to Rasulullah saw) and the only objective of this was to attain the pleasure of Rasulullah(saw).The wives of Rasulullah(saw)were divided into two groups. Sayyidah A’ishah(ra) one group was A’ishah, Hafsa, Safiyyah and Saudah and the other group had Umm Salamah and the other wives of Rasulullah(saw). So, (one day) the group of Umm Salamah (ra) spoke to Umm Salamah (ra) and said to her, “Tell Rasulullah(saw) to tell the people that if they want to present any gift, they can present it wherever you are.” Regarding this Rasulullah(saw) said, “Do not give me trouble in spoke of the matter of A’ishah because revelation does not come to me when I am under the blanket of any wife except that of A’ishah.” Umm Salamah (ra) said, “O Rasul of Allah, I repent to Allah for this that I have given you difficulty. Then the group of Umm Salamah (ra) called Sayyidah Fatimah(ra) and sent her to Rasulullah (saw) . Subsequently, Sayyidah Fatimah went to speak to Rasulullah(saw) about this and he said, “My daughter, do you not love the one whom I love?” Sayyidah Fatimah(ra) said, “Why not?” he said, “Then love A’ishah (and do not mention anything that displeases A’ishah).” [Bukhari, Muslim]
Rasulullah (saw) used to show gestures to please Sayyidah A’ishah (ra). He Rasulullah (saw), once asked her to race him (on foot). The first time, Sayyidah A’ishah (ra) won the race because of her light body but the second time, he won the race as she was a little bit heavy. Rasulullah (saw) said “now the competition is settled”, first she won and then he, Rasulullah (saw) won.
Rasulullah (saw) and I would very often eat from the same plate and drink from the same cup. Once Rasulullah (saw) told her that he (saw) knew at once whenever she was an angry with him. She enquired “How?” Rasulullah (saw) said that when she was pleased with him she would invoke by saying “By the Rabb of Muhammad” but when she was an angry with him would say, “By the Rabb of Ibrahim”[Bukhari]
Sayyidah A’ishah narrates, “I asked Rasulullah (saw) to pray to Allah for me. He said: ‘O my Rabb! Forgive the open and hidden, past and future sins of A’ishah.’ I started to laugh. I laughed so much that I was nearly going to fall back. Rasulullah (saw) asked: ‘Did my prayer make you happy?’ I said: ‘Is there something wrong with me that your prayer would not make me happy?’ Rasulullah (saw) said: ‘This prayer was for my entire ummah’.
Rasulullah(saw)did not love her only for her physical beauty and intelligence but also for her sound judgment and personality. Rasulallah(saw) fell ill in 11 AH, Ai’shah (ra) nursed him with all the love and care of a devoted wife. It was in her lap that he rested his head when he died, and under the floor of her house that he was buried. Masjid Nabawi now stands on that site in Madina Munawwarah, Saudi Arabia.
Sayyiduna Abu Musa Ash’ari (ra) narrates that whenever something would confuse us companions and we would ask Sayyidah A’ishah (ra), then we would find knowledge of it and the solution by Sayyidah A’ishah.” [Tirmidhi]
Sayyiduna Musa bin Talha says that he did not find anyone more eloquent than Sayyidah A’ishah (ra) [Tirmidhi]
Source – Al Farouk.org.za